Gingivitis is the medical term for inflammation of the gums. This is usually caused by the buildup of bacterial plaque, tartar, and mineral deposits associated with poor oral hygiene.
What is stomatitis in pets?
Stomatitis refers to inflammation of the soft tissues in the mouth such as the tongue, lips, and tissues lining the oral cavity. It can be caused by infection in the mouth (often associated with dental disease) or by more widespread inflammatory process, including hormonal disorders (eg, diabetes), kidney failure, immune system problems, drug reactions, or viral or fungal infections.
How are these conditions treated?
Treatment usually begins with a professional dental cleaning, often followed by antibiotics, oral rinses, and anti-inflammatory medications to clear up infection and relieve pain.
How can gingivitis be prevented in pets?
Proper follow-up care consisting of periodic dental cleanings and at-home care (eg, teeth brushing) is important to prevent the condition from returning.